Child Labor in India is one of the grave problems the nation is fighting. The Law of the land says that any child who is below the age of 14 years should not be employed either in a factory or office or anywhere and doing so is the violation of the law. But the question is that whether we are really following the law. The answer is no although the reasons could be any may be the families are not able to meet the basic necessities of life and other reasons that could be that they are a means of cheap labor and needs a less supervision cost for the producers and entrepreneurs’. Child labor in India and not only in India but also at International level this is big concern and to eliminate this many NGOS and government bodies are constantly working but till date we are not able to control it. Child labor in India is a great social problem and millions of little champs across the globe are deprived of a happy and care free child hood and they are losing their future in the dust with tears and pain. And subsequently this pain is becoming the pain of the nation as these champs can bring laurels to the nation if they are educated and provided a normal child hood they can become the future honorable and great Abdul Kalam of the nation.
Childhood is the happiest period of the lives of everyone during which one learns about the basics of life from their parents, loved ones and nature. Child labor in India and abroad is increasing at such an alarming stage in such a way that when I see children working in the streets, factories and restaurants I feel like I would burst into tears as why we as a society are so cruel that we are playing with the future of our country in such a way that one day we all will lose everything and we are playing with the future of our nation. Child labor interferes with the proper growth and development of the children in all aspects like mentally, physically, socially and intellectually. In the developing countries the rate of child labor is high due to poverty, lack of awareness, poor schooling opportunities, poor family standard, and inability to meet the basic necessities of life. Even in the rural areas the scene is pathetic that the children of the age group 5 – 14 are found to be involved in the agriculture by the parents and they forget that if they provide them education they could get employment and can change their parent’s life completely tomorrow. However a very important point is that poverty and lack of schools are the primary reason of child labor in all the developing countries across the world. Child labor in India is the high level of illegal act for which one should be punished but because of the ineffective rules and regulations this is going side by side and child labor is increasing day by day.
It is a great challenge the country is facing. Child labor in India is evident by the child work participation rates which are higher in India than in any other developing countries. It is poverty that forces children to earn money and to support his family. Though it is prevalent across the country but the problem is acute in socio economically weaker states like U.P, Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and North Eastern States. The government of India is keen to eradicate Child Labor in India. The Indian Laws include the Child Labor Prohibition and Regulation Act, The Juvenile Justice Care and Protection of Children Act, The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, The Factories Act, The Mines Act etc are formulated to stop this malpractice so that we can protect our Future generations of the Nation. But this can be totally eradicated only when we all come forward and say that now it is the high time this should be stopped and every children should live his or her childhood with all the bright colours of life. In brief success can be achieved only through social engineering on a major scale combined with broad based economic growth. Child labor in India is a big problem and this problem can be totally eradicated from our nation only when we all join our hands together and we should make our nation free from this plague that is playing with so many lives every day.