Now days when we think of the summer season we feel like crying that we think how hot and humid this time summer season would be. Earlier we used to have four seasons but now I feel we are having only one season that is the summer as even the winter is hardly of two months. In the summer season the heat is not bearable and the temperature is unbearable. This is just because of Global warming. Global warming is the increase in the temperature of the earth and the living planet is becoming unbearable to live.
I just used to hear from my Grand Ma “Aajkal to who Baarish Hoti Hi nahin Hai jo Pahle Kabhi hoti Thi “ As now days we die to see the green cover and the green plants and one day will be there when there would not be a single living being who would be a part of this loving and living planet . The Days are not far when we will be left with the saying “ Ye Aag tho Sab Kuch Jala ke Rakh Kar Degi “.
Global warming is nothing but a gradual increase in the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere and its oceans and which is changing the climate of the earth. Global warming is emerging as a big problem as the effects of global warming is more substantial and more rapidly occurring than others and the average temperature of the living planet has risen between 0.4 and 0.8 degree over the past 100 years.
Now days although we are doing new advancements and technologically we are growing but on the other hand we are loosing the green cover , the green plants , the greenery which aids a new zeal in ourselves and just we are left with dust , smoke , harmful gases and all way the sense of burning can be felt . When I just came out in the evening some days back to have a walk in the evening I was feeling a sense of heat that we generally feel in the month of April and was not able to inhale properly. I just lifted my head and saw a cover is there in the sky and we are not able to see the other corner of the park. This is not Fog as how in the month of November we will have fog and this is just dust, smoke, pollutants which are making us die every day and the temperature is increasing day by day. We discuss and say we are getting into a helpless state but actually this helpless state is being shaped by us. In our National Song there is a line Sasya syamalam Mataram , Vande Mataram and in the past our ancestors have provided us a land of mountains , greenery , rivers but actually day by day we are ruining it and now we are left with a thorny picture of a desert where we stare our eyes a lot to see greenery but actually we see nothing but just chimneys with smoke , vehicles with smoke , burning fuels , dust and harmful gases which is degrading our nature and ultimately we are suffering with all the health hazards .
However the causes of Global warming is deforestation , setting up of new industries , burning of fuels , increase in the agricultural activities due to the increasing population , setting up new business avenues for production. Due to our urge to increase the production activities in industries and urbanization the increase in the volumes of carbon dioxide and other green house gases are believed to be the primary sources of the global warming that has occurred over the past 50 years. The main cause of global warming is green house gases which are generated by natural processes as well as human activities. The increase in the level of green houses gases is due to the increasing population , economy and use of energy , increasing demand of industrialization in the modern world to fulfill almost each need is causing the need of release of variety of green house gases through many industrial processes in the atmosphere . The release of carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide has increased in the recent years. The release of carbon dioxide gas varies with the different processes which include natural and industrial including photosynthesis and oxidation cycles. Methane is another green house gas which is released in the atmosphere by the anaerobic decomposition of organic materials.
Now we should discuss one very important cause of Global warming is the depletion of ozone layer. We see in the summer season that whenever we are out in the afternoon or in the day time we see our Skin starts burning. The burn now days is so much that the days are not so far when actually we will see that everything is burning and we are left only with ashes . Ozone layer actually prevents the reaching of ultra violet rays which actually damages the skin and is responsible for almost all the skin diseases. Ozone layer protects the surface of the earth by the ultra violet rays. Due to the depletion of the ozone layer the ultra violet rays are entering the biosphere and get absorbed by the green gases resulting in global warming. According to the current estimation the hole of the Ozone layer has been twice the size of Antarctica. The depletion of the ozone layer is just because of the increase in Air Pollution activities. One more important reason is the increase in the number of Air conditioners and refrigerators in urban areas is also a reason for the thinning of this layer as they release chlorofluorocarbons. The problem is that they are not washed by the rain and remain in the atmosphere for a long time. Chlorofluorocarbons accounts for more than 80 percent ozone depletion as this is used in freezers, air cooling component, dry cleaning agent ,hospital sterilants etc.
But this dragon is moving at an alarming speed and days are not far when everything would be exhausted and we need to search some other planet. Global warming can be reduced by certain ways and we could save this planet. First we should go back to our past and plant maximum number of trees, develop forests and we should have a slogan Go Green. We should try to reduce the use of vehicles , Go Solar , use energy efficient appliances ,reduce waste ,look for renewable fuel options , opt nuclear methods for the production of electricity and reduce thermal use , use filters for air conditioner and furnaces , use clean fuel , avoid products with lot of packaging , educate the new generation , save energy , use of wind energy are some of the methods and practices through which we can reduce global warming and can make this living planet a suitable place to live and grow for the future generations .